Heat Pumps 101, How Do Heat Pumps Work?

When it comes to heating and cooling your home or place of business there are many options out there that can get somewhat confusing if you are not familiar with the technology. We are often asked about the growing popularity of heat pumps, their advantages, and how heat pumps work in a variety of situations.  Here is a quick heat pump cheat sheet to help our customers and those looking for alternatives for heating and cooling.  


A heat pump is a device that uses a small amount of energy to move heat from one location to another. Heat pumps are typically used to pull heat out of the air or ground to heat a home or office building, but they can be reversed to cool a building. If you have a hot tub or swimming pool, you may already have a heat pump and understand a little about how it works. A simple analogy is that, like your refrigerator, heat pumps use electricity to move heat from a cool space to a warm space, making the cool space cooler and the warm space warmer. (Source- Department of Energy) Because heat pumps move heat rather than generate heat, heat pumps can provide equivalent space conditioning at as little as one quarter of the cost of operating conventional heating or cooling appliances.

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Some of the advantages of a heat pump include:


  • A heat pump can be seen as “All in One Service.” This is due to the fact that the same unit delivers both heating and cooling all in one!
  • Heat pumps are easy to use and simple to install.
  • Heat pumps can save on your energy usage and bill. The most common type of heat pump is the air-source heat pump, which transfers heat between your house and the outside air. According to, “If you heat with electricity, a heat pump can trim the amount of electricity you use for heating by as much as 30% to 40%. High efficiency heat pumps also dehumidify better than traditional central air conditioners, resulting in less energy usage and more cooling comfort.”
  • Since heat pump is zone based you can increase the comfort level of your home by adjusting the heating and cooling needs that are unique to each room.
  • Tax credits – Depending upon the type of heat pump you choose, there are often federal tax credits and incentives to take advantage of.


Want to know more about how a heat pump could help trim your bills and add comfort to your home?  For a free consultation with a Morris Heating & Air Conditioning Comfort Advisor, click here or call us today at 978-356-9900. The experts at Morris Heating and Air Conditioning will happily evaluate your needs.